Piemonte Vineyards have origin in the heart of the Langhe Piemontesi where its landscapes have been registered by UNESCO in the list of world heritage site. Here are located the lands of Barbaresco and Barolo and wines of Langa road. It is a street full of ancient traditions and obviously these wines are comprended into the wine list of Piemonte region.
Almost 90% of Piemonte vineyards is registered on the rolls of the designation of origin offering the raw material for DOC and DOCG wines. In Italy today there are 332 DOC of which 42 are in Piemonte and 16 DOCG.
Barolo territory is a land rich of story, also linked to wonderful munument such as the Castle of Barolo. Barolo comes from the vineyard called Nebbiolo, that is native of these lands and adapted to the Langhe. The hectares are about 2000 and about 13 million the bottles produced by about 500 entrepreneurs as winemakers and artisans who with their work conserve this important legacy.
Her has place the Consortium of Tutela Barolo. The French Marchioness Julliet Colbert which then became the Marquise Falletti Di Barolo brought a French oenologist Udart, and with him she produced in the castle cellars produces the Barolo. Even the Count Camillo Benso of Cavour, in his estates nearby, decided to use the experience of the oenologist Udart to produce also in its cellars Barolo.
The Barbera vineyard that gives rise to the Barbera, is less ancient than others grown in Piemonte, like Moscato, Grignolino and Nebbiolo, but its growth has been steady and today is the most popular red grape variety in the region. The earliest records of Barbera grapes date back to 1700, and the documents concerning this crop indicate the first location in the area of Montegrosso d’Asti although the variety already existed for a long time but it was not known by this name. It is a strong and robust vine, less prone to others to changing climatic conditions of the area and the attacks of parasites and molds. Over time the Barbera has experienced moments of glory and moments of forgetfulness, but has reached in recent years a remarkable quality finally acquiring the dignity it deserves. This is an eclectic wine, easily combinable with every kind of food and exported all over the world, where it is appreciated for its freshness and longevity, as well as for his body and its structure. Barbera is grown on an area of about 17,000 hectares and occupies about 30% of the Piemonte vineyards.
The consortium of the Protection Barbera d’Asti and Monferrato Wines alone produces 40-45 million bottles per year. The most famous wine is the Barbera D’Asti and the last arrived, with controlled and guaranteed origin is Nice, which takes its name from the beautiful town.
In Canelli, in the heart of the Asti area, there is the country of Asti Spumante, the sweet sparkling wine most exported in the world. Its big numbers – 75 million bottles, of which 85% exported, especially in Europe – are important for the entire Italian economy.
The Asti, produced in the provinces of Alessandria, Asti and Cuneo, is definitely the most famous Italian sweet sparkling wine. It was born in mid-800 thanks to Carlo Gancia, who imported the sparkling wine production techniques from France, in the province of Asti, although many believe that the first winemaking experiments of Moscato have been made in the sixteenth century by Giovanbattista Croce, goldsmith of confidence of the Dukes of Savoy.
The Asti DOCG is born exclusively by the White Muscat grape variety, the only one capable of giving life to a sparkling wine so delicate and intense, fragrant and persistent. The peculiarities of this variety are enhanced by climatic and morphological characteristics of the production area and can only be produced in 552 authorized villages. Thanks to 4,000 families of farmers for the 10,000 hectares of Piemonte vineyards. From them they get about 100 million kilograms of grapes. Each kilo of grapes is equals to the production of a bottle. In the world are consumed every year, two billion and a half bottles of sparkling wine (dry and sweet), of which Asti is an excellence between the sweet. The sweet fragrance is due to the natural grape sugars that do not turn in the fermentation into alcohol and carbon dioxide, preserving the aromas of freshly picked grapes.
Not least in Piemonte there is also the Cortese vienyard, from which derives a mineral wine with great character.
from “I Signori del Vino” by Marcello Masi and Rocco Tolfa