The list of typical Italian products: PDO-PGI-TSG-PAT-DECO
The list of typical Italian products includes many specialties, usually related to the territories of production and cultivation or production characteristics, traditions and biodiversity of the territories themselves.
In the food segment are officially recognized the label PDO, IGT, TSG, PAT and DE.CO.
List typical Italian products: PDO, IGT and TSG
The European Union sees Italy in first place for number of agri-food products with designation of origin and geographical indication recognized.
A total of 287 specialties included in the list of Italian label that are entered in the register of protected designations of origin, protected geographical indications and traditional specialties guaranteed (EU Regulation no. 1151/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 November 2012) in the last updated Feb. 24, 2016.
Among these are 165 PDOs and 120 IGT; 2 TSG.
The acronym PDO is attributed to foods whose special and distinctive characteristics depend essentially or exclusively from the territory where they are produced.
The term Protected Geographical Indication PGI indicates an origin mark attributed to agricultural and food products of which quality, reputation or other characteristic depends on their geographical origin, and at least one stage of production, processing and / or processing takes place in a particular area. Being collective marks, each company in the territory and that comply with the specification can request them.
About the TSG, currently are registered two traditional specialties guaranteed: the mozzarella recorded in 1998 (see the specification) and Pizza Napoletana – with tomato sauce or with the addition of DOC buffalo mozzarella or mozzarella STG – and cooked in a wood oven according the specification published in the European Journal in 2010. For the STG is not the geographic area to be protected, but the traditional process and the use of special raw materials.
The Consortium of protection born as voluntary associations under Article 2602 of the Civil Code. They are promoted by the economic operators involved in individual sectors with the precise function of protecting the certified agricultural food production. Article. 14 of Law 21 December 1999 n. 526 states that the protection consortia recognized by the Ministry of Agriculture have been attributed functions of protection, promotion, enhancement, consumer information and general care of the Geographical Indications. The functions of protection and enhancement of the consortia are also recognized at Community level with the approval of the EU Reg. 1151/2012 (food sector) and of the EU Reg. 479/2008 (wine sector).
With reference to the wines, currently are recognized 523 wines DOCG, DOC, IGT.
List of typical Italian products: PAT
The requirement to be recognized as traditional foodstuffs (PAT) is to be “obtained with processing methods, storage and maturation over time consolidated, homogeneous throughout the territory concerned, according to traditional rules, for a period of not less than twenty-five years”.
Those products identified on a regional basis, are recognized by Mipaaf and recorded in an official list published in the Gazzetta Italiana and divided by region and by category (the categories are: dairy products, meat products, vegetables and cereals, bakery products and confectionery, alcoholic beverages, spirits).
Here the PAT list – (fifteenth revision – the Official Gazette n.168 of July 22, 2015).
The list of PAT has 4881 entries this year. Among the Italian regions holds the record -with 461 PAT- Tuscany, in second place – with 457 products – Campania, followed in turn by Lazio with 393, Emilia Romagna and Veneto 378 370, as you can see from the table with a summary of the division of PAT by region and by product list.
The list does not include products already recognized at European level to PDO or PGI, that once awarded the European mark are in a dedicated register.
The lists of typical Italian products are enriched continuously with new names gradually are recognized the specific characteristics of crops and products related to the great wealth of biodiversity and local traditions of the peninsula.
List typical Italian products: DECO
The De.Co. are thought by their promotors – in particular by Gino Veronelli that proposed them in the 60s – like expression of a collective heritage. From the transposition of this provision came a law (142 of 8 June 1990) which attributed to the municipalities the right to vote on matters of development and protection of local specialties.
This is how the De.Co. are born. They can be defined as “a political act, fixing a value, an identity card that the mayor released after having surveyed a past, a present, and assumed future development”.
The ANCI in 2002 has developed a regulation entitled “Municipal Regulations Pearl enhancement of local traditional agro-food activities. Establishment of De.Co municipal designation of origin” to which they can refer the individual municipalities.
Todat lacks a register list of De.Co Italian. However, opens a fascinating chapter because of the potentiality that we have to collect, record, protect and enhance.
When we speak of “list of typical Italian products” we speak of a set of products whose classification is still in flux, but an important path of development in progress.